While everyone knows about the Conga Line, where dancers follow the leader in single file, in the mid-20th century, the Conga was also a partner dance.
As Leona Lehman (1961) explains, at the beginning of a Conga song, the dancers would dance the Conga in couples, then as the song progressed, a Conga line would form, and everyone would fall in single file behind the leader.
Here are some of the basic steps of the Conga as a partner dance:
Basic with Cross Kick: Promenade three steps toward the hands (1, 2, 3) then kick toward the hands (4). Then repeat opposite, promenading over the elbows and kicking toward the elbows [JB38, AM38, PS38, AM42, AM47, JB53, JB65]. This step can also be done in half-closed position [AM38, AM42, AM47].
Basic with Side Kick: Promenade three steps toward the hands (1, 2, 3) then kick toward the elbows side (4). Then repeat opposite, promenading over the elbows and kicking toward the hands side [JB38, AM41, MM52, JB53, BW60, LL61, LL62, JB65]. This can also be done without a kick, twisting the free heel toward the supporting foot on count 4 [LG40].
The Walk: Back the Follow three steps, shifting into right-side Yale position then kick past partner (both kicking forward) (4). Then repeat on the other foot, moving into left-side Yale position [PS38, ES44]. Or simply back the Follow, lifting the free foot on the third fourth count [ES44].
The Conga Rock: Promenade three steps toward the hands, then rock back on the rear foot, raising the forward foot. Repeat, traveling the same way [AM38, AM42]. This step can also be done in half-closed position [AM38, LG40, AM42], or backing the Follow [LG40].
The Underarm Turn: Follow turns clockwise under the arm with a 1, 2, 3, kick, or the Lead turns counterclockwise under the arm with a 1, 2, 3, kick [PS38].
The Pointing Step: After kicking through the frame, cross, side (facing partner), cross, and point to the side, then repeat opposite [PS38].